The Pregnancy Discrimination Act is an amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions constitutes unlawful sex discrimination under Title VII, which covers employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments. Title VII also applies to employment agencies and to labor organizations, as well as to the federal government. Women who are pregnant or affected by related conditions must be treated in the same manner as other applicants or employees with similar abilities or limitations.
Title VII's pregnancy-related protections include:
EEOC -Pregnancy Discrimination
Summary: Bailey was a mail
carrier in Melrose Park, Ill., when her supervisor ordered her to take leave
without pay in January 1997. A month earlier, when she was five months
pregnant, Bailey had asked to have her responsibilities cut back. She was
assigned to light duty for a month before her supervisor told her to go home
until she was called back to work. According to the supervisor, only one
light duty position was available, the positions were “first come, first
served,” and Bailey was the fourth person to request light duty.
Bailey appealed the final agency decision, alleging that the postmaster told her when he sent her home it was because she was pregnant. She also contended that another coworker was sent certified and express mail asking her to return to work, but that the Postal Service failed to use those measures to contact her.
The commission decided that while Bailey did not have a disability as
described under the 1973 Rehabilitation Act, she was discriminated against
because of her pregnancy. The case was sent back to the agency for a new
Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Federal Sector Case Decisions
Document #: 01994321
Title: Bailey VS USPS
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