PostalReporter.com

back

Term

 

Definition

%

in care of

-> c/o

3547 form

 

= HCN (hard copy notification)
in case of an addressee's COA, the letter is sent to the new address and a 3547 image as hard copy to the sender

a/k/a

also known as

Information that correlates two names

ACS

Address Change Service

A USPS service to provide address correction information to subscribers, primarily by electronic means.

ACS notification

 

Electronic Address Change Correction notification, supplied as data file

AFCS

Advanced Facer Canceller System

 

AFCS-ISS

Advanced Facer Canceller System - Input Sub-System

A mail facing and canceling machine that incorporates RBCS ISS functions for image capture

AFSM 100

Automated Flats Sorting Machine 100

 

AFR

Advanced Forwarding Reader

A device developed by Siemens to provide recognition functions for use in the redirection of mail.

AIV

Address Interpretation Video

 

AMS

Address Management System

 

ANK

Attempted Not Known

 

ARD

Alternate Recognition Device

An optional device that can provide recognition functions either in place of or in addition to the AFR.

ARL

Arlington

Siemens Dematic Postal Automation L. P. located in Arlington TX

AS

Address Service Requested

USPS endorsement

ASTD

American Society for Training Development

 

BCR

 

 

BCS

Bar Code Sorter

 

c/o

in care of

Information that correlates two names

CAGE

Commercial and Government Entity

 

CAR

Corrective Action Request/Report

 

CARS

Change-of-Address Record Server

Database server containing all change of address orders

CBA IPI

Capability Maturity Model-based Assessment for Internal Process Improvement

 

CBIT

Computer-Based Interactive Training

 

CCITT

Consultative Committee for International Telegraphy and Telephony

CCITT (a European-based advisory committee established by the United Nations to recommend worldwide standards of transmission within the International Telecommunication Union) recommendation for digital facsimile to accommodate 64 Kbps ISDN channels.

CFPS

COA (Change-of-Address) Forms Processing System

A system to automatically process USPS COA Forms.

CFS

Computerized Forwarding System

A system used by the USPS to provide mail redirection and address correction services.

CI

Communication Interface

Communication layer for CS1000 based application programs

CIOSS

Combined Input-Output Sub-System

A mail processing machine, specifically designed to be used in the PARS project, that is capable of both image input and result output functions.

CIOSS-EC

Combined Input/Output Subsystem with Enhanced Capabilities

 

CM

Configuration Management

A process to insure the effective management of software development and maintenance using tools specifically designed for that purpose.

CMM

Capability Maturity Model

a type of certification: a firm can be CMM certificated, there a 5 levels of CMM certification

CMS

Configuration Manager System

DEC CMS/MMS: a SCM Tool

 

COA

Change-of-Address

Term applied to various aspects of mail redirection. Most commonly applied to the customer-supplied written request to forward mail (COA ORDER) when the customer moves.

COARS

Change-of-Address Reporting System

 

COOL

Combined Online-Offline Coding System

Video coding system capable of on-line coding (during mail flow) and off-line coding.

COPI

Court-Ordered Protected Individuals

Term applied to COA with according attribute, which requires special rules and regulations for mail disposition.

(Disposed by Court Order, no mail at all shall be delivered to that person for reason of his protection)

COR

Contracting Officer Representative

 

COTS

Commercial Off-The-Shelf

Readily available commercial merchandize.

CR

Change Request

 

CRD

Critical Design Review

 

CRF

Central Repair Facility

 

CRP

Change Retrofit Plan

 

CS

City/State

 

CS

Change Service Requested

USPS endorsement

CS

Coding System

Synonym for Image Management System including RIC, AFR and VCDs

CS 1000

Coding System of generation 1000

Baseline software product for management and video coding of letter, flat and parcel images

CSBCS

Carrier Sequence Bar Code Sorter

 

CSC

Computer Software Component

 

CSCI

Computer Software Configuration Item

term used in the SOW for special items in the CM Plan

CSR

Change Service Requested

 

CTS

Computerized Training System

CS1000 based integrated keyer training system

cUAA

Confirmed UAA (Undeliverable As Addressed)

Term applied to a mail item where a COA record was found for the recipient name in CARS.

CUST

Custodian

an information that can follow a name on a mail piece

d/b/a

doing business as

Information that correlates two names

DAFAA

Days after First Article Acceptance

 

DALFUD

Days after last fielded unit delivery

 

DBCS

Delivery Bar Code Sorter

 

DBCS-EC

Delivery Bar Code Sorter - Expanded Capability

 

DBCS/OSS

 

-> DBCS, -> OSS

DBFAT

Days before First Article Test

 

DBL

Disk-Based Lookup

An access method that used hard disk resident address information to assist in address determination.

DCO

Data Conversion Operator

A clerk whose job entails viewing mail piece images and entering data on a keyboard to derive delivery information from a database.

DCS

Direct Connect System

 

DHHI

Department of Health and Human Services

 

DIOSS

Delivery Bar Code Sorter with Optical Character Reader, Input/Output Subsystem

 

DIRGEN

Directory Generation (Server)

 

DLL

Dynamic Linked Library

Program Library containing executable code and data

DMA

Direct Memory Access

 

DNF

Do Not Forward

 

DOC

Documentation on Computer

 

DP

Delivery Point

Synonym for DPC

DPBC

Delivery Point Bar Code

 

DPC

Delivery Point Code

Any 5 digit (ZIP5), 9 digit (ZIP5 plus 4) or 11 digit (ZIP5 plus 4 plus delivery point) delivery code

DPF

Delivery Point File

 

DSP

 

File extension for the Microsoft C++ project identification

DSPK

Deport Spare Parts Kit

 

DSU

Decision Storage Unit

IPSS subsystem located at the P&DC, which contains the reading and coding results, used for sorting.

DTP

Detailed Training Plan

 

DVD

Digital Video Disk

 

dVCC

Distributed Video Coding Control

The RIC is a synonym for the CS1000 dVCC including IH adapted for PARS

ECO

Engineering Change Order

 

ECR

Engineering Change Request

 

EOR

End-of-Run

 

EPA

Environment Protection Agency

 

EPSS

Electronic Performance Support System

 

ERM

Employee Resource Management

 

FAA

First Article Acceptance

 

FAT

First Article Test

 

FBDTP

Final Baseline DTP

 

FCS

Forwarding Control System

The third generation technology used by the Postal Service to provide mail redirection in the Computerized Forwarding System.

FDOS

Finest Depth of Sort

 

FFT

Flats Forwarding Terminal

A workstation that is part of the CFS providing UAA processing specifically suitable for processing flat mail items.

FIFO

First In First Out

 

FS

Forwarding Service Requested

USPS endorsement

FPD

First Production Delivery/Deployment

 

FRA

Field Repairable Assembly

 

FRES

Flats Remote Encoding System

 

FRU

Field Replaceable Unit

 

FSU

Forwarding Storage Unit

A PARS system function that provides for the storage of result data for use by the CIOSS

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

A standard communications protocol.

GMPS

General Purpose Mail Container

 

GUI

Graphical User Interface

Term applied to a user interface that is based on graphical icons rather than textual menu items.

HCC

House Cleaning Computer

PC based FCS device that automates the maintenance of the FCS COA database and manages NCSC data transfers.

HCN

hard copy notification

= 3547 form (see above)

HSIB

High-Speed Image Bus

 

HSLA

High-Speed Label Applicator

 

HWAI

Hand Written Address Interpretation

Software technique to derive delivery information from mail pieces with handwritten address blocks.

I2RV

Integrated Interactive Reading and Video Coding

(= IIRV)

A technique that combines the advantages of automatic machine reading with manual video coding.

IA

Insufficient Address

 

IBIP

Information based indicia program

a 2D - Bar Code, use e.g. for determine the mail class

IC

Image Controller

CS1000 base application program, which controls workflow of coding system

ICR

Image Controller Remote

 

ICS

Identification Code Sorting (System)

 

ICU

Image Control Unit

A major subsystem of the IPSS located in the processing plant. Provides image and decision management and an interface to the RCR and IPU.

ID

Identification

 

IDC

Image Data Compression

 

IDD

Interface Design Description

 

IDE

Integrated Development Environment

 

IDI

Internal Document Interpretation interface

 

IH

Image Handler

CS1000 based application program to store and transfer document images.

IIRV

Integrated Interactive Reading and Video Coding

= -> I2RV

ILS            

Integrated Logistics Support

 

IOS

Interoperability Specification

Specification to facilitate exchange of processing, performance and mail piece information to external sources

IOSS-EC

Input/Output Subsystem Expanded Capability

 

IP

Internet Protocol

A standard communications protocol.

IPC

Image Processing Controller

A major subsystem of the IPSS located in the Remote Encoding Center (REC). Provides central control services and interface to the ICU, DSU and RIC

IPR

In-process Reviews

 

IPS            

Image Persistent Storage

 

IPSS

Image Processing Sub-System

The "heart" of RBCS, it provides image management, video coding, and result storage functions.

IPT

In-Plant-Test

 

IPU

Image Processing Unit

A major subsystem of the IPSS located in the Remote Encoding Center (REC). Provides image management for coding desk operations, database lookup functions, and ICU interface.

IRD

Image Record Descriptor

A data structure used in the IPSS. The IRD contains data and flags that indicate the processing status of an individual mail piece.

IRCS         

Integrated Reading and Coding System

 

ISD

Instructional System Design

 

ISS

Input Sub-System

A mail transport type. Applied to machines with ID Tag and image capturing features.

JPEG

Joint Photographic Expert Group

Standardized compression method for colored (gray level) images

KBS                       

Knowledge-based System

 

KPA

Key Process Area

 

KSA

 

 

LAM-EC                 

Label Applicator Module Expanded Capability

 

LAN

Local Area Network

A communication network that is restricted to a small geographic area, usually within a building or campus

LED                       

Light-Emitting Diode

 

LMLM

Letter Mail Labeling Machine

 

LSI

Learning Systems International

 

MACA

Months after Contract Award

 

MB II

MultiBus II

 

MCE

Mail Class and Endorsement

 

MDI

Multi Document Interface

Microsoft Windows programming interface for creating an application that enables users to work with multiple documents at the same time (multiple windows within main window).

MFC

Microsoft Foundation Classes

 

MLOCR

Multi-Line Optical Character Reader

 

MLOCR-ISS

Multi-line Optical Character Reader - Input Sub-System

A mail processing machine with character recognition and ISS functions.

MMO                      

Maintenance Management Order

 

MMS

Module Manager System

DEC CMS/MMS: a SCM Tool

MNS

Managed Network Services

 

MPBCS

Mail Processing Bar Code Sorter

part of the MPE

MPE

Mail Processing Equipment

-> DBCS, -> DBCS/OSS, -> DIOSS, -> AFCS, -> MLOCR, and -> MPBCS

term used in the context of  "PARS Plant MPE Operations Training"

MS                         

Maintenance Series

 

MSDS

Material Safety Data Sheet

 

MT

Mechanized Terminal

A mechanized mail processing transport machine that is part of the CFS. MTs provide for manual encoding of UAA mail and application of a label with the new delivery information.

MTOOL

Maintenance Tool

CS1000 application for SW maintenance

MTSC

Maintenance Technical Support Center

 

NCED

National Center for Employee Development

 

NCOA

National Change of Address

Term applied to the database maintained by NCSC for commercial applications.

NCSC

National Customer Support Center

USPS organization based in Memphis, Tennessee, that provides various levels of support to postal organizations and customers.

NDSS

National Directory Support System

 

NFR

Non Functional Requirement

all requirements other than direct SW requirements, e.g. documentation requirements or requirements how to manage a project

NLT

Not less than

 

Nixie

 

carrier returned letter for other reasons than a move, e.g. no such number, addressee deceased

NMT

Non-mechanized Terminal

A PC based workstation used in the current CFS operation.

NSN

National Stock Number

 

NSN

No Such Number

Reason for mail piece not deliverable as addressed

NSS

Name Selection Server

 

nUAA

no(ne) UAA (Undeliverable As Addressed)

Term applied to an mail item where no COA record for a recipient name exits in CARS.

OCR

Optical Character Recognition

Computer functionality to convert image data into ASCII or other usable data format.

OD

Operational Directory

Address Directory used by automatic reader and video coding desks

OEM

Original Equipment Manufacturer

 

OLR

On-Line Reference

 

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

 

OSI

Open Systems Interconnection

 

OSS

Output Sub-System

A mail processing machine specifically designed to retrieve the results of RBCS processing and print barcodes on mail that represent delivery ZIP Codes.

P&DC

Processing and Distribution Center

A system designed to intercept and process UAA mail using automated techniques.

PARS

Postal Automated Redirection System

A system designed to intercept and process UAA mail using automated techniques.

PAVE

Presort Accuracy Validation and Evaluation

The Presort Accuracy, Validation, and Evaluation (PAVE) program is a process designed in cooperation with the mailing industry to evaluate presort software and determine its accuracy in sorting address files according to Domestic Mail Manual standards.

PC

Personal Computer

A computer classification that describes a small computer commonly used for personal productivity.

PCI

Peripheral Component Interface

 

PCOA

PARS Change-of-Address

 

PDB

 

File extension for Microsoft C++ debug information

PDE

Project Development Environment

 

PD&E

Product Development and Evaluation

 

PICS

Primary Identification Code Server

A database server used in the Identification Code Sorting system to provide delivery information based on ID Tag data.

PLANET

Postal Alphanumeric Encoding Technique

A barcode format utilizing tall/short bars to represent various types of information including delivery ZIP Codes. Differs from POSTNET in format.

PLC

Programmable Logic Controller

 

PM

Preventive Maintenance

 

PMT

Potential Move Table

Tables indicates if there may be a potential Move (pUAA), is part of the CARS

POSTNET

Postal Numeric Encoding Technique

A barcode format utilizing tall/short bars to represent delivery ZIP Codes.

PPL

Parts Provisioning List

 

PTP

PARS Transfer Program

 

pUAA

potential UAA (Undeliverable As Addressed)

Term applied to a mail item where at least one COA record for a delivery point code exits in CARS.

PVCS

Polytron Version Control System

SCM Tool

QAR

Quality Assurance Representative

 

QF

Quality Functions

a component which collects data about the keying behaviour of a clerk at VCD (counting key strokes, number of rejected images etc.)

RAID         

Redundant Array of Independent Disk

 

RBCS

Remote Bar Coding System -

A USPS mail processing system that utilizes ID Tag and image capturing technology to process mail.

RCD

Reading- / Coding Device

New patented approach that combines automatic reading with video encoding to reduce coding effort

RCR

Remote Computer Reader

An offline OCR function to process images captured by ISS type machines in an attempt to derive a delivery point ZIP Code.

REC

Remote Encoding Center

A USPS facility where DCOs process image data to derive delivery address information.

RFSU

Remote Forwarding Storage Unit

is located at the ->P&DC, -> FSU

RIC

Redirection Image Controller

The image manager of the PARS.

RIC is a synonym for the CS1000 dVCC (distributed Video Coding Control) including IH (Image Handler) adapted for PARS.

RIP - II

Recognition Improvement Program II

This is a front-end RCR for address reading improvement.

RM

Reference Manual

 

ROI

Region of Interest

the region (coordinates) on a physical letter to be read

RS

Return Service Requested

USPS endorsement

RTDS

Remote Test and Diagnostic System

 

RTM

Requirement s Traceability Matrix

 

RTS

Return-to-Sender

 

S/SDS

System/Subsystem Design Specification

in PARS the term ->SSDD is applied instead

SAP

System Applications and Processes

 

SC

System Controller

Software Component of the RIC

SCC

System Control Computer

A major subsystem of the IPSS located in the processing plant. Provides central control services and interface to the ICU, DSU and RIC

SCF

Section Center Facility

 

SCM

Software Configuration Management

-> CM

SCMP

Software Configuration Management Plan

 Plan for  -> CM (= -> SCM)

SCR

Symptom-Cause-Remedy

 

SDD

Software Design Description Software Design Document

 

SEPG

Software Engineering Process Group

 

SISS

Software Integrated Support Systems

 

SIT

System Integration Test

 

SMS

Smart Main Server

 

SMTP

Software Master Test Plan

 

Software-STP

Software Storage Transfer Processor

->  SWSTP

SOW

Statement of Work

A contractual USPS document that identifies the requirements to be met in the development of a product.

SPMP

Software Project Management Plan

 

SQA

Software Quality Assurance

 

SRD

Software Requirements Description

in PARS the term -> SRS is applied instead

SRS

Software Requirements Specification

 

SSDD

System/Subsystem Design Description

 

SSDS

System/Subsystem Design Specification

in PARS the term ->SSDD is applied instead

SSPK

Site Spare Parts Kit

 

SSPM

Software Standards and Practices Manual

 

STCP

Storage, Transfer, and Communications Processor

 

STD

Software Test Description

 

STF                       

Sortplan Text Format

 

STP

Software Test Plan

 

STR

Software Test Report

 

SVD

Software Version Description

 

SW

Software

 

SWSTP

Software Storage and Transfer Processor

Software component attached to MLOCR, AFCS, DIOSS or CIOSS that stores and transmits image data and processing results.

TBD

to be defined

to be discussed

 

TBR

to be revised

 

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

A standard communications protocol.

TCP/IP

Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

 

TDP

Technical Date Package

 

TLV

Tag Length Value

data representation format

TMDC

Topeka Material Distribution Center

 

TMS

Tray Management System

 

TPU                       

Technical Publications Unit

 

TRM

Technical Review Meeting

 

TRR

Test Readiness Review

 

UAA

Undeliverable as Addressed

Term applied to mail which cannot be delivered to the address on the item due to customer move, incorrect address data, etc.

UCD

Universal Coding Device

= -> VCD (notation for the new generation of VCDs)

UCP

Universal Co-Processor

external address reading unit, connected to the mail sorting machines

UDP

User Datagram Protocol

A standard communications protocol that does not provide for recovery of transmission errors.

UFSM 1000

Upgraded Flats Sorter Machine 1000

 

UI

Users Interface

 

UMF

Universal Mailer File

 

USPS

United States Postal Service

Independent agency of the Executive Branch, established in 1971.

VB

Visual Basic

Programming language

VCC

Video Control Computer
Video Coding Control

The COOL unit combining image and system control

VCD

Video Coding Desk

Video coding workstation used for address and form resolution

VCS          

Video Coding System

 

VDT

Video Display Terminal

 

WABCR

Wide Area Bar Code Reader -

A device that uses image data to read a POSTNET and/or PLANET barcode from a "wide area" of a mail piece.

VDT

Video Display Terminal

term for VCD used in the IPSS context

WABCR                

Wide Area Bar Code Reader

A device that uses image data to read a POSTNET and/or PLANET barcode from a "wide area" of

WACA

Weeks after contract award

Weeks after contract award from USPS

WAFAA

Weeks after First Article Acceptance

 

WAFAD

Weeks after First Article Delivery / Deployment

 

WAFAT

Weeks after First Article Test

 

WAFPD

weeks after first production deployment

 

 WAIPT

 

Weeks after In-Plant-Test

 

WALFUD

Weeks after last fielded unit delivery

 

WAN

Wide Area Network

A data communication network designed to serve an area of hundreds of thousands miles, e.g. private and public packet switching networks and the nationwide telephone network.

WAPBCR

Wide Area Pre-Bar Code Reader

A WABCR function on MLOCR type machines to read mailer applied or other preexisting barcodes prior to OCR processing.

WASCA

Weeks after subcontract award

Weeks after subcontract award from SD PA L.P.

WBFAD

Weeks before First Article Delivery / Deployment

 

WBFD

Weeks before production deployment

 

WBFPD

Weeks before first production deployment

 

WBIPT

Weeks before In-Plant-Test

 

WFOV

Wide Field of View

 

XAI

Extended Address Interpretation

 

ZIP

Zone Improvement Plan

the first 5 digits of the DPC indicating the town (in meanings of the USPS)

ZNR

ZIP Non Ready

a special mode

back